Part 2 – Will the civilization of XXI century be supplied with chinese energy?
The new “Internet” is carried by electric cables
The State Frid Corporation of China (SGCC) is a big state agency owing a half milion of employees and a 2011-2016 five years budget in the order of $400 billion. Ranowable Energy, by their nature, are unreliable and intermittent. The SGCC is aimed at finding a way out of this frailty condition developing connecting infrastructure among large and small producers and consumers, firstly at a continental level and then, more ambitiously, all over the world; the aim is building an outright “ Internet of Energy”. The technical core of this project is the Ultra High Voltage net (UHV), a state-of the art cable system which is able to carry a colossal amount of energy. energies
The thinly disguised aim of SGCC is building a green energy production and distribution system by the end of 2050; China would be the “Prime Mover” in the centre of the system, while eolic or solar panels would be placed in other suitable region of the planet (such as Sahara desert), this regions would be the strarting point of an electric highways leading everywhere. The Roman empire built an extremely efficient aqueduct and street system, while spreading a subordination and civilization policy among the annexed populations. China leaded by Xi Jinping is keeping up the mission, basing it on energy, since Energy ia a very powerful leverage in the future years global order.
Big projects are taking a shape: equipments, towns, green societies
China is also making a great deal in regenerating polluted and abandoned areas. In Anhui region, which previously was an important mining area in terms of coal-extraction, there ia a subsidence lake; its presence has made it easier to the Sungrow company to place a buoyant solar installation with nominal capacity 40 MW. According to the engineers, to put the panels in the water will increase the efficency of the installation and it would also curb the lake evaporation process, so that the lake could be used to achieve new goals. One more project, almost science fiction, based on renowable energies, , is releted to the ex novo reconstruction of the Xiogan New Area, a two and a half milion inhabitants metropolis, covering 2000 square kilometres completely carbon free. And the purpose? The displacements to this area of part of Pechino inhabitants, in order to relieve the Capital congestion of traffic and pollution.
Madness? Delusional superpower? As a metter of fact, recently a very similar test has been attempted, although it only lasted one week. From 17 to 23 June the north-west area of the Qinghai region, which is one of the better preserved green land of the country, has been completely supplied with renowable resources, 535 tonnes of coal is the estimated Energy use, 72% of it is guaranteed by the hydroelectric sector. In the covered area there are 5.8 million people. According to the local authorities, no difficulties have been identified in performing the daily routine.
Continuous innovation as a control instrument
A fair question could be: Are China’s (objective) efforts related to a significant increase of renowable energy production exclusively motivated by environmental issues or are we facing a calculated strategy which aims at establishing and keeping the consensus? The launch of pharaonic green projects in polluted areas, such as the sustainable megalopolis Xiongan, are important device of political legitimisation. Aren’t they? The governament shows its ability in managing issues close to its citizens, meanwhile it is boosting the economy and creating new job by mean of projects similar to the one mentioned above.
Pechino is completely obsessed by social control. A famous Mao’s aphorism says: “ People and only people are the creating prime mover of world’s history”. On the base of this “everlasting” aphorism, in a world which has been changing, the central governament is committed to lead its citizens in the right direction. Yesterday against capithalism, today against economical governamental competitors.
The broad support is measured on the base of the “hot spot” of the country
An article by Gabriele Battaglia published on “Internazionale” on 1 Septembre ( On Chinese upland the broad support is achieved by mean of renowable energy”) make it clear the relationship among economic progress, innovation and respect, or even admiration shown by the inhabitants directly or indirectly involved in the implemented projects, towards the governamental polices. The Qinghai borders with Tibet, buddhism is the strongest religion and from a geological point of view this area is constantly threatened by land subsidences and land slides. Theoretically it is an hot spot, as a metter of fact it is a pacific and industrious area. It is necessary to use the words of a tibetan workman who as been interviewd in this article: “Ten years ago we had water but we had not gas or electric Energy. What do I think about the Government? It has worked hard. Yes, I know that in Tibet there are some problems”.
The regime’s censorship on information prevents a real analysis of the work condition and of the environmental safeguard in the covered areas. The report released by the Human Resources and Social Security Ministry reflects the situation mentioned above. According to the report strikes have increases by 34% during the first 9 months of 2015, compared with the same period of the previous year. The mining industry is involved more then other sectors. Coal is loosing its workers, therefore the government is trying to repair, pressing the labour-force in the direction of the green economy. A social revolution is the enemy which must be avoided.
Problem and contradictions: green, but not too much
In same cases the implemented projects are criticezed by the environmental activists (and not only by them). A water-rich region, such as Yunnan, which is an hydroelectric sector development leader, paradoxically has seen a proliferation of the condemned gas and coal power plant, they are necessary to avoid any energy production level alteration during the increasingly frequent period of drought caused by climate changing. To build dams over the major waterways is one of the major cause of the geological subsidence (the settling of the river), it is also a danger for densely polpolated metropolis (such as Shangai) during e flood. Moreover building dam over major river is a ground of conflict among neighbouring countries; an exemple is India, which accuses China to exploit the resources of Brahmaputra river at its mouth, again, In Tibet the new dam on Xiabuqu has caused protests and grudge.
Meanwhile although the gigantic Three Throat dam has solved the persistent problem of flooding of the river Azzurro, taking into consideration the amount of investment it seems to be not very profitable. Sometimes it is questioned the renowable energies advantages from both an economical and environmental point of view. China is a pragmatic nation, which constantly looks for the winner energetic mix, meanwhile taking into consideration the domestic consumption and the social cohesion of the country. In July 2016 the Dragon has introduced its thirty fifth nuclear reactor for civilian use (achieving the Russian country), and other twenty have been projected.
In the third and last part of this article we will analyse the relationship between China and Africa. Why has Pechino’s governament decided to invest a big amount of money in the black continent? Why are renowable energies in the center of this business? Is a new colonialism arriving?
ALEXEIN & AMY
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